In this paper, I analyze several traditions of data protection to uncover the theoretical justification they provide for the right of access to personal data. Contrary to what is argued in most recent literature, I do not find support for the claim that the right follows from the German tradition of ‘informational self-determination’ or Westin’s idea of ‘privacy as control’. Instead, there are two other less known theories of data protection which do offer a direct justification for the right of access. First, American scholars Westin and Baker developed the ‘due process’ view according to which access helps to expose error and bias in decision-making, thereby contributing to correct decisions and allowing the people who are affected to be involved in the decision making. Second, in what I call the ‘power reversal’ view of access, Italian legal scholar Rodotà argues that, in particular when seen from a collective point of view, the right enables social control over the processing of personal data and serves as a counterbalance to the centers of power by placing them under the control of democratic accountability.
Mahieu, René, The right of access to personal data: A genealogy, Technology and Regulation, 2021, 62–75, https://doi.org/10.26116/techreg.2021.005. Published 2021-08-20.