“Examining remedies from a transsystemic viewpoint is no easy undertaking. It involves putting a legal concept under the microscope, one side of which reveals a complex mosaic, whereas the other side appears blank, or missing. How can we cross to the other side and what effect does this have on our original perception? In private law, remedies have been depicted in the common law as a judicial solution to a cause of action: a means of legal redress arising out of a dispute about rights. In contrast, civilian law has no concept of remedies. In civilian law, rights intrinsically involve a bipartite relationship between private parties …”
Sefton-Green, Ruth, ‘Remedies’, McGill Law Journal, September 2021, volume 66 issue 1, pp 153-157.