Legal personality is inherently linked in individual autonomy but not exclusively accorded to people. AI is not recognised as legal entity by any law currently in force. But, together with Sophia, Saudi Arabia’s humanoid national, and the recent accident caused by Uber’s self-driving car, determining the legal personality of AI has become imperative.
Many researchers recently took the notion that the autonomy and ingenuity of AI systems contribute to its acceptance as autonomous legal bodies with a right to legal and economic rights and duties. In other words, scholars argue that the AI system is a separate entity that should and must be responsible for the consequences of its own acts or omissions. Two alternate premises may be based on this conclusion. First, they closely resemble humans in describing their attributes of being an AI – intelligence, reasoning, liberty, and independence. Thus, they should be regarded as separate, lawful bodies. Alternatively, AI are similar to corporations that are individual, non-human legal bodies with legal rights, benefits and obligations …
Chaudhary, Gyandeep, Artificial Intelligence: The Personhood Conundrum (February 1, 2021). Artificial Intelligence and Law, ISBN 978-81-949395-1-1, February 2021.