The European Union recently enacted a Trade Secrets Directive in order to harmonize trade secrets protection throughout the internal market. With particular regard to private remedies, this raises the question whether the Member States that have relied primarily on criminal law so far will merely have to add on private law rules or also modify or even abolish their present regime. Germany is one, but not the only country, where this issue will arise. The comparison with the law of Nordic countries may thus enrich the upcoming discussion.
Natalie Ackermann-Blome and Joanna Rindell, Should trade secrets be protected by private and/or criminal law? A comparison between Finnish and German laws, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Volume 13, Issue 1, 1 January 2018, pages 78–87, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiplp/jpx209.