Category Archives: Deontic theory

David Enoch, ‘Playing the Hand You’re Dealt: How Moral Luck Is Different from Morally Significant Plain Luck (And Probably Doesn’t Exist)’

ABSTRACT What you ought to do is sensitive to circumstances that are not under your control, or to luck. So plain luck is often morally significant. Still, some of us think that there’s no moral luck – that praiseworthiness and blameworthiness are not sensitive to luck. What explains this asymmetry between the luck-sensitivity of ought-judgments […]

Carl Fox, ‘What’s Special About the Insult of Paternalism?’

ABSTRACT A common assumption is that paternalism generates a special, and especially grievous, insult. Identifying this distinctive insult is then presented as the key to unlocking the concept and determining its moral significance. I submit that there is no special insult. It is, rather, a particular form that a lack of recognition respect can take. […]

Maria Canellopoulou-Bottis, ‘Utilitarianism v Deontology: A Philosophy for Copyright’

Abstract The Anglosaxon copyright system is founded upon theories of utilitarianism, whereas the European system, generally upon deontology. A series of particular traits aid us at the identification of which theory a copyright system supports. For example, the management of the moral rights of authors and creators shows this difference very eloquently. In Europe, starting […]

Oskari Juurikkala, ‘Law and Virtue: An Economic Analysis’

Abstract Classical virtue theory has received limited attention in economics. The paper demonstrates its fruitfulness for economic and legal analysis by linking the traditional ethical literature with modern law and economics. Virtues are interpreted as a theory of moral psychology, and applied to economic theory, with comparisons against other behavioral models in economics. It is […]

Yona Gal, ‘Private Law, Public Right and the Duty to Rescue’

Abstract This thesis explores the normative framework of private law from the standpoint of corrective justice. After identifying problems in the classic model of Kantian corrective justice, it argues that these difficulties can be remedied by modifying the reliance of corrective justice upon Kantian legal philosophy. Further, by returning to an equality-based approach grounded in […]

Florian and Stremitzer, ‘Moral Institutions of Promise Keeping’

Abstract Promises are a pervasive and important feature of real-world economic exchange situations. We investigate lay peoples’ intuition of promise keeping. We study the effect of mutual promises, the dynamic of promising and performance over time, the effect of continuous as opposed to binary performance decisions, the effect of income, and the role the receipt […]

Emily Sherwin, ‘The Rationality of Promising’

Abstract Binding promises yield a number of practical benefits, if in fact they are binding. One benefit is coordination. Knowing that she must perform, the promisor can allocate her time and resources more effectively. The promisee, meanwhile, can make plans on the assumption that the promised act will occur. Markets for future exchange rely on the […]

Stephanie Collins, ‘When does “Can” imply “Ought”?’

Abstract The Assistance Principle is common currency to a wide range of moral theories. Roughly, this principle states: if you can fulfil important interests, at not too high a cost, then you have a moral duty to do so. I argue that, in determining whether the ‘not too high a cost’ clause of this principle […]

‘The Morality of Risking’

John Oberdiek, Imposing Risk: A Normative Framework (2017). In this book, legal scholar and philosopher John Oberdiek offers an elegantly written, meticulously argued, and highly original account of when it is morally permissible to impose mortal risks on others. Tort scholars and theorists have long examined the permissibility of risky conduct, but, as Oberdiek observes, […]

Kim Treiger-Bar-Am, ‘Speech, Balance, and a Telos of Respect: Review of Abraham Drassinower’s What’s Wrong with Copying?’

Abstract In an analysis of both clarity and depth, Abraham Drassimower calls copyright a right in speech, and justifies it on a rights-based norm. I applaud Drassinower’s use of theory of Immanuel Kant to support his analysis. I believe Drassinower can go further with Kant. Kantian theory may be understood to support a view of […]